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Is there evidence to support the risk compensation hypothesis for bicycle helmet use?

Esmaeilikia, M., Radun, I., Grzebieta, R H, Olivier, J

Bicyclists Personal Protection – Helmets, Clothing, etc. Cycling Issues Statistical, Epidemiology and Other Road Safety Research Methods

ARSC conference 2018

A long-standing argument against bicycle helmet use is the risk compensation hypothesis. Multiple studies have examined the effect of bicycle helmet use on risky behaviour showing mixed findings. There have been no systematic reviews on bicycle helmet use and risky compensation to date. The current systematic review includes peer-reviewed literature studies conducted across eight countries. The findings of this study shed light on the potential association between bicycle helmet wearing and risky behaviour.