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Australian graduated driver licensing systems
This paper provides an update to an early 2007 review of graduated driver licensing models in operation in Australia and the range of requirements and restrictions for learner and provisional drivers in each state and territory. The most common changes are reviewed, including their likely effectiveness in reducing young driver crashes. These include an increase in the minimum learner period duration and supervised driving hours required, hands-free mobile phone restrictions, hazard perception testing in different phases and various night-time driving and passenger restrictions. Overall, the changes should contribute to considerable crash reductions; however, there is a need to consider potential unintended consequences and to develop appropriate alternatives or support programs for disadvantaged youth and communities.