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Speed enforcement programmes in France and Queensland: First elements for a systematic comparison.
Speeding is one of the main contributing factors to road crashes. The use of Automated Speed Enforcement programmes (ASE) appears to be one of the most promising interventions to change driver behaviour and reduce road trauma. International experience has shown clear benefits from such programmes. The French government implemented ASE in late 2003. Currently, 2000 radar devices are deployed throughout the French territory, with an emphasis on fixed cameras. The Australian state of Queensland implemented ASE in May 1997 with 500 initial camera sites. The number of sites and operational camera hours has increased since the programme’s inception and recently, fixed speed cameras were introduced. This paper compares the approaches taken by the French and Queensland Governments regarding implementation and management of ASE. The first section summarises the historical background of both programmes and highlights the role of political leaders in the road safety arena. The second section addresses organisational dimensions, including how the programmes are deployed and operated. Finally, we compare the performance outcomes of each system. We conclude by highlighting that there appears to be no single best way to implement speed enforcement measures in a ‘whole-of-jurisdiction’ approach. Rather, lessons from the deployment of individual enforcement methods and related outcomes internationally, together with considerations of political and organizational factors, should inform speed management strategy choices.